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RFID系统在制造业生产控制中的应用

2020-10-14

简介: 本文针对制造业的生产特点,分析了RFID系统在制造业中的应用需求,详细阐述了RFID技术应用于制造业提高生产效率的工作原

作者:谈慧 来源:万方数据

  ZHIZAOQIYEWEILEBAOCHISHENGCHANDEGAOXIAO、ZHUNQUE,DUISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUTICHULEGENGGAOYAOQIU,RUGUOMEIYOUYIGEGAODUZUZHIDE、JICHENGDEKONGZHIXITONGSHIHENNANWANCHENGZHEIYANGFUZADERENWUDE。RFIDSHIBIEXITONGWUYISHIZUIJUJINGZHENGLIDECHANPIN,LIYONGXIANDAIHUARFIDJISHU,KEYISHIXIANSHENGCHANYIZHONGCHANPINDEDUOZHONGBIANXINGHUOSHIZUIXIAOPILIANGWEI1DEBUTONGCHANPINDESHENGCHAN。ZAIZHENGGESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,RFIDJISHUKEYISHIXIANDUIYUANCAILIAO、LINGBUJIAN、BANCHENGPINYIJIZUIZHONGCHENGPINZAIZHENGGESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDESHIBIEYUGENZONG,JIANGDIRENGONGSHIBIEDECHENGBENHECHUCUOLV,YOUQIZAICAIYONGLEJITSHENGCHANDELIUSHUIXIANSHANG,YUANCAILIAOHELINGBUJIANBIXUZHUNSHISONGDADAOGONGWEISHANG。YUNYONGLERFIDJISHUHOU,QIYEJIUNENGGOUTONGGUOSHIBIERFIDDIANZIBIAOQIANLAIKUAISUZHUNQUEDICONGZHONGLEIFANDUODESHANGPINKUCUNZHONG,ZHAOCHUSHIDANGGONGWEISUOXUDESHIDANGDEYUANCAILIAOHELINGBUJIAN,BINGJIEHEYUNSHUXITONGJICHUANSHUSHEBEI,SHIXIANWULIAODEZHUANYI,QUEBAOLIUSHUIXIANJUNHENGXIEDIAOSHENGCHAN。

  1 RFID在制造业中的需求分析

  ZHIZAOYESHENGCHANXIANJIHUMEIYUEDOUYAOSUNHAODALIANGWULIAO,BINGQIESHENGCHANJIEGUOYUYUQIYINWEIYOUWUCHAERYINGXIANGJIAOHUODEQINGKUANGSHIYOUFASHENG,SHENGCHANXIANYEWANGWANGYINRENWEIYUANYINZAOCHENGZHONGZHONGWUCHA。JIANGRFIDBIAOQIANTIEZAISHENGCHANWULIAOHUOCHANPINSHANG,KEZIDONGJILUCHANPINDESHULIANG、GUIGE、ZHILIANG、SHIJIAN、FUZERENDENGSHENGCHANXINXI,DAITICHUANTONGDESHOUGONGJILU;SHENGCHANZHUGUANTONGGUODUXIEQISUISHIDUQUCHANPINXINXI;QITAXIANGGUANRENYUANNENGJISHIZHANGWOSHENGCHANZHUANGKUANGBINGGENJUQINGKUANGDIAOZHENGSHENGCHANANPAI;CAIGOU、SHENGCHAN、CANGCHUXINXIYIZHIBINGNENGSHISHIJIANKONG;WULIAOHECHANPINLIKAICANGKUQIANXITONGDOUJIANGZIDONGJILUCHURUKUXINXI,BINGNENGSHISHIZHUIZONGWUPINSUOZAIDI。

  RFIDDIANZIBIAOQIANZUOWEISHENGCHANSHUJUYIDONGDEZAITI,TAZAISHENGCHANXIANSHANGDELIUDONG,SHIXIANLESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGGONGREN、GONGXU、GONGJIAN、GONGSHIDESHISHIJINGQUETONGJI,CONGERDADAOSHISHIKONGZHISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,BIANYUZHILIANGGUANLIHEZHUISUDEMUDE。RFIDJISHUDEYINGYONGJIANGYOULIYUQIYESHIXIANSHISHI、TOUMING、KESHIDEGONGYINGLIANGUANLI。

  2 RFID在制造业中韵应用特点

  2.1 数据实时共享

  ZAIZHIZAOQIYESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,SHENGCHANXIANJISHIZHUNQUEDIFANKUIXINXISHISHIFENZHONGYAODE。YIWANGZHINENGYIBIANSHENGCHANYIBIANSHOUGONGJILUGUZHANG,SHENGCHANWANCHENGHOUTONGJIHUIZONGZHEIXIELAIYUANYUGEDAOGONGXUDEXINXI,FEISHIFEILI,QIEYOUSHIBUNENGZUODAOFEICHANGJINGQUE。ZAISHENGCHANXIANGEDAOGONGXUANZHUANGRFIDSHIDUSHEBEI,BINGZAICHANPINHUOTUOPANSHANGFANGZHIKEFANFUDUXIEDERFIDDIANZIBIAOQIAN。ZHEIYANG,DANGCHANPINTONGGUOZHEIXIEJIEDIANSHI,RFIDDUXIESHEBEIJIKEDUQUDAOCHANPINHUOTUOPANSHANGBIAOQIANNEIDEXINXI,BINGJIANGZHEIXIEXINXISHISHIFANKUIDAOHOUTAIDEGUANLIXITONGZHONG,GUANLIZHEJIUKEJISHILEJIESHENGCHANXIANGONGZUOZHUANGKUANGLE。

  2.2 标准化的生产控制

  RFIDXITONGKETIGONGBUDUANGENGXINDESHISHISHUJULIU,YUZHIZAOZHIXINGXITONGHUBU,RFIDTIGONGDEXINXIKEYONGLAIBAOZHENGZHENGQUESHIYONGJIQISHEBEI、GONGJUHELINGBUJIANDENG,CONGERSHIXIANWUZHIHUAXINXICHUANDIBINGJIANSHAOTINGGONGDAILIAOSHIJIAN。GENGJINYIBU,DANGYUANCAILIAO、LINGBUJIANHEZHUANGPEIJIANTONGGUOSHENGCHANXIANSHI,KEYIJINXINGSHISHIKONGZHI、XIUGAISHENZHIZHONGZUSHENGCHANGUOCHENG,YIBAOZHENGSHENGCHANDEKEKAOXINGHEGAOZHILIANG。

  2.3 质量跟踪和追溯

  ZAISHISHIRFIDXITONGDESHENGCHANXIANSHANG,CHANPINZHILIANGSHIYOUFENBUZAIRUOGANCHUDEYIXIECESHIGANGWEILAIJIANCEDE。ZAISHENGCHANJIESHUSHIHUOCHANPINYANSHOUQIANBIXUNENGYONGGAIGONGJIANSUOYOUXIANQIANSHOUJIDAODESHUJUMINGQUEDIBIAODAQIZHILIANG。LIYONGRFIDDIANZIBIAOQIANKEYIHENFANGBIANDIZUODAOZHEIYIDIAN,YINWEIZAIZHENGGESHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGSUOQUDEDEZHILIANGSHUJUYIJINGSUICHANPINZOUXIASHENGCHANXIAN。

  3 RFID在生产流水线上的应用原理

  MUQIANJIYUTIAOXINGMADESHENGCHANGUANLIXITONGSHIGEZHONGZHILIANGFENXIHEKONGZHIDEYIFANGBIANDISHIXIAN,ERTIAOXINGMAJISHUYOUQIYOUDIAN,YEYOUQIMINGXIANDEQUEDIAN,RUYIBEIWURAN、YIBEIZHESUN、SAOMIAOJULIJINDENG,PILIANGSHIDUXIAOLVBUGAO,WUFAMANZUKUAISUGAOXIAODEXUQIU。LIYONGRFIDDIANZIBIAOQIAN、TIAOXINGMA、CHUANGANQICAIJISHENGCHANXIANXIANCHANGDESHISHISHUJU,BADUDAODESHUJUTONGGUOWANGLUO(YOUXIANHUOWUXIAN)CHUANJISHANGWEISHEBEI(KONGZHIQIHUOJISUANJI)RANERYAOGUANLISONGSANDECHUANGANQIJIUXUYAOYIZHONGQUANXINDE、KEYIZIDONGFAXIANBINGZUZHIWANGLUODEGUANLIJIZHI。CAIYONGDEFANGFASHIBUSHURFIDDUXIEQI,TONGSHIJIANLIDUXIEQIWANGLUOLIANJIE,JIEJUEDUXIEQIWANGLUODEGUIHUA、YOUHUAHEKONGZHIWENTI。WUPINSHANGDERFIDBIAOQIAN,PEIHELIANCHENGWANGLUODERFIDDUXIEQI,MEIYICISHIBIEJIUYIWEIZHEDUIWUPINDEYICIZHUIZONG。

  JUTIDEGONGZUOGUOCHENGWEI:LIUSHUIXIANSHANGYIGECHANPINDEJIAGONGLIUCHENGFENWEIRUOGANDAOJIBENGONGXU,MEIGEJIAGONGDANYUAN(HUOGONGREN)ZHIWANCHENGQIZHONGDEYIDAOGONGXU,ZAIJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGZHIZHONGFUDIWANCHENGYIGEJIANDANCAOZUO;SHENGCHANJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDESUOYOUDANYUANTONGGUOYITIAOZHUDAOGUIXIANGLIAN,RUTU1SUOSHI。BEIJIAGONGDECHANPINZAIGAIDAOGUISHANGCHUANDI,XINGCHENGSHENGCHANLIUSHUIXIAN。TONGSHI,ZHUDAOGUIZAIGEJIAGONGDANYUANCHUFENZHICHUYITIAOZHIDAOGUI,GONGWULIAOHUOCHANPINJINCHUJIAGONGDANYUAN。WULIAOZIDONGCHUANDIZHIGEGONGZUODANYUAN,JITONGGUOANZHUANGZAIZHUDAOGUISHANGDERFlDSAOMIAOQI,JIANCEWULIAOSHANGDEDIANZIBIAOQIANLAISHIBIEWULIAO,BINGGENJUYUSHEDEWULIAOGONGXULUJINGKONGZHIWULIAOZIDONGSONGZHIZHENGQUEDEGONGZUODANYUANJINXINGJIAGONG。

加工生产线工作流程

图1 加工生产线工作流程

  YOUYUQIYECHANPINDESHENGCHANDADUOYIJUDINGDANJINXINGTOUCHAN,BINGQIEMEIDANXINGHAODOUYOUCHAYI,YINCIZIDONGHUADEWULIAOLIUGENZONGSHISHUNLISHENGCHANDEZHONGYAOQIANTITIAOJIAN。DUIYUMEIDAOSHENGCHANGONGXU,BIXUYAODUICHANPINXINGHAOJINXINGMINGQUESHIBIE,YIBIMIANWULIAOPEIZHICHUCHACUO。ZAIMEIGEJIAGONGGANGWEISHANGDUIDIANZIBIAOQIANZHONGDECHANPINSHUJUJINXINGXIUGAI,SUOCHANSHENGDESHUJULIUKEYIZAIGEGEJIAGONGGANGWEIZHIJIANJIANLIQIYIGEGONGXIANGDEXINXIPINGTAI,TAJIANQINGLEKONGZHIXITONGDEFUDAN。TEBIESHIZAISHENGCHANJIJIAGONGGUOCHENGBIANDEYUELAIYUEKUAIDEBEIJINGXIA,XINXISUICHANPINCHUANDIBINGQIENENGGOUJISHISHIYONGJIUCHENGLEJIAKUAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEJUEDINGYINSU。

  4 应用系统架构

  YOURFIDZAISHENGCHANXIANSHANGDEBUSHUKEYIKANCHU,RFIDDUXIEQIZHONGCAIJIDEGEZHONGXINXITONGGUOWANGLUOCHUANSHUDAOSHENGCHANXIANKONGZHISHIJISUANJISHANG,JIANGFENSANYUXIANCHANGDESHUJUJIZHONGQILAICUNCHUDAOSHUJUKUZHONG,JINGGUOJINYIBUJIAGONGCHULI,JIANGBIAOQIANYUCHANPINXINXIJINXINGBANGDING,SHIXIANXINXIYUFUWUDEJINMIJIEHE,GOUCHENGJIYURFIDDESHENGCHANGUANLIXITONG。XITONGDEZONGTIJIAGOURUTU2SUOSHI。RFIDYINGYONGXITONGTIGONGDUOZHONGYINGYONGHEFUWU,BAOKUO:SHENGCHANXIANZHUANGKUANGJIANKONG、YUANGONGXINGWEIJIANKONG、SHENGCHANGUANLI、ZHILIANGGUANLIYUZHUIZONG、WULIAOGUANLI、ZUOYEDIAODU、XIANCHANGCAOZUOZHIDAO、SHENGCHANSHUJUSHISHISHANGCHUANDENG。

  RFIDYINGYONGXITONGCAIYONGFENSANKONGZHIJIZHONGGUANLIDEKAIFANGSHITIXIJIAGOU,JIDUIMEITIAOSHENGCHANXIANCAIYONGFENSANKONGZHI,ERDUIQIYEZONGTISHENGCHANGUANLIZEJINXINGJIZHONGGUANLI,CONGERJIANGFENSANDEKONGZHIXITONG、SHENGCHANDIAODUXITONGHEGUANLIJUECEXITONGYOUJIJICHENGQILAI。

生产线上RFID应用系统架构

图2 生产线上RFID应用系统架构

  ZUOWEIQIYEJIYINGYONG,XITONGBAOKUORFIDYINGYONGFUWUYEJIHUA,KEYIKONGZHIWULIAOXINGJING、YOUXIANJIDIAODU、SHENGCHANTONGBUQI、QIYEYINGYONGFUWUQI、SHUJUCHULIQI、RFIDZHONGJIANJIAN、DENG。XITONGSHEZHIDEKONGZHIQIHUIANSHENGCHANJIEPAICHUFAYUEDUQIRFIDDUXIESHEBEI、SHENGCHANXIANJIANKONGSHEBEIDENG。QIYEYINGYONGDUQUZHUANGPEIXIANSHANGDECHANPINXINGHAOXINXI,TONGGUORFIDYUEDUQIFUWUQIZHICHIQIYEOA/MES/ERP/SCM/CRMDENGXINDUIBIAOQIANDESHIDU,SHIXIANDUIXIANCHANGZUOYEXINXI(BAOKUOZHUANGPEIXINXIXITONGDEYUNXING;SHUJUCHULIQISHIXIANTIAOXINGMA、RFIDSHUXIHEZHILIANGJIANYANXINXI)DELURU,BINGBAXIANGGUANXINXISHURUDAOJU、GUOCHENGSHIJIAN、CHANPINXINXIDEGUANLI;RFIDZHONGJIANJIANTIGONGFUWUQISHANGDESHUJUKU,TONGSHIZAIMEIGEGONGWEIDEPINGMUSHANGSHISHIYURFIDDUXIEQI、CHUANGANQIDELIANJIE;SHENGCHANXIANJIANKONGSHEBEIDONGTAIXIANSHIZHUANGPEIXIANSHANGDECHANPINXINXI、XUANZHUANG、LINGBUJIANPEIZHIFUZECUNCHUHEGUANLISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGGEZHONGSHITAISHUJU。DIANZIDENGXINXI,XIANCHANGCAOZUORENYUANBUJINKEYIZHIGUANDILEJIEDANGQIANGAIBIAOQIANGUANLIANZAISHENGCHANXIANSUOSHENGCHANDECHANPINSHANG,SUIZHESHENGCHANZUOYEGONGWEIYINGGAIZUOSHENMESHI,HAIKEYISHISHIDIXIANGWULIAOBUMENFABUGUOCHENGDEJINXING,KESUISHIGENGXINDIANZIBIAOQIANNEIDESHUJU。ZAISHUXUQIUXINXI,YIBIANSUOXUPEIJIANJISHISONGDAOSUOXUGONGWEI。JUKUXITONGDEZHICHIXIA,HAIKEYIZAIXIANHUOLIXIANDICHAXUNSHENGCHANc.SHENGCHANCHAXUNGUANLI。GUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDELISHISHUJU,WEISHIHOUDEZHUIZONGHETONGJIFENXIGAIMOKUAIZHUYAOWEIQIYEGUANLIRENYUANTIGONGJISHIDESHENGCHANTIGONGQIANGDADEZHICHISHOUDUAN。XIANGONGZUOZHUANGKUANG,CAIYONGTUBIAO、ZHIFANGTUHUOBINGTUDENGFANGSHIJINXING

  5 实现的系统功能

  GENJUDUIXITONGZONGTISHEJIDEYAOQIU,ZHENGGERFIDYINGYONGXITONGBAOKUOXITONGGUANLI、SHENGCHANZUOYEGUANLI、SHENGCHANCHAXUNGUANLI、ZIYUANGUANLI、SHENGCHANJIANKONGGUANLIHESHUJUJIEKOU。GEZHUYAOMOKUAIGONGNENGRUXIA:

  a.系统管理。

  XITONGGUANLIMOKUAIKEYIDINGYIMOUXINGHAOJIADIANCHANPINSHENGCHANTEXINGJIWULIUGUANLIXINXIXITONGYONGHU,ZHIXINGGONGNENGDEQUANXIANJIYONGHUSHIYONGGONGNENGDESHOUQUAN,WANCHENGSHUJUDEBEIFENZUOYE,BINGDUIGEZIXITONGGONGYONGDEJICHUSHUJUJINXINGWEIHU,RUGONGXU(WEI)、GONGREN、CHEJIANDENGXINXI,ZHEIXIEJICHUSHUJUSHIJINXINGSHANGXIANSHEZHIHEYUNXINGDIAODUDEGONGNENGJICHU。

  b.生产作业管理。

  GAIMOKUAIGUNDONGJIESHOUZHUSHENGCHANJIHUA,ZIDONGSHENGCHENGCHEJIANZUOZHIGUANDEFANYING,WEIGUANLIZHETIGONGJUECEYIJU。CHAXUNGONGNENGKEYICHAXUNDAOMEIGEGONGWEIDECAOZUOXINXI,RUZHUANGPEIDEJUTISHIJIAN、WULIAOXUQIUXINXI、YUANGONGCAOZUOJIEGUO、ZHILIANGZHUANGKUANGDENG,HAIKEYIZHUISUSHENGCHANLISHI,CONGERDINGWEICANCIPINCHANSHENGDEHUANJIEHEYUANYIN。

  c.资源管理。

  GAIMOKUAIZHUYAODUISHENGCHANXIANSUOXUDEYIXIESHEBEIJINXINGGUANLI,TIGONGJIYONGHUDANGQIANGESHEBEIDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,JISHILEJIEXIANYOUSHEBEIDESHIJISHIYONGQINGKUANG,YIBIANWEIANPAISHENGCHANHUOZHESHEBEIWEIHUTIGONGCANKAOYIJU,KEYIGENJUSHENGCHANSHEBEIDEFUHEQINGKUANGZHIDINGSHENGCHANXIANRI、ZHOU、YUEDESHENGCHANJIHUA,BAOZHENGSHENGCHANDEZHENGCHANGJINXING。

  e.生产监控管理。

  GAIMOKUAIZHUYAOTIGONGXINXIJIYIBANYONGHU、QIYEGUANLIRENYUAN、LINGDAODENGXUJISHILEJIESHENGCHANJINDUQINGKUANGDERENYUAN。TAZHUYAOBAOKUODINGDANZHIXINGQINGKUANGDESHISHIJIANKONG、GONGXUSHENGCHANDESHISHIJIANKONG、GONGWEI(TAI)SHENGCHANDESHISHIJIANCE。ZHEIXIESHISHIJIANCEGONGNENGWEIYONGHUTIGONGLEZHENGTIHUOJUBUDESHENGCHANZHIXINGXINXI,YIBIANYONGHUJISHIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGDIAOZHENGSHENGCHANJIHUA。

  f.数据接口。

  GAIMOKUAITIGONGYUCHEJIANDIANQIKONGZHISHEBEI、IVIES、ERP、SCMHUOQITACHEJIANGUANLIXINXIXITONGDESHUJUJIEKOUGONGNENG。

  6 结束语

  ZHONGGUOYICHENGWEIQUANQIUZUIDADEZHIZAOZHONGXIN,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEJIANGCHENGWEIQUANQIUZUIDADERFIDYINGYONGSHICHANG。KEYIRENWEI,RFIDZAIZHONGGUODETUIGUANGYUZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEDEZHONGXINDIWEIMIQIEXIANGGUAN。WEITIGAOZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEXINXIHUASHUIPING,YIXINXIHUADAIDONGGONGYEHUA,ZAIQIYEYUANCAILIAOGONGHUO、SHENGCHANJIHUAGUANLI、SHENGCHANGUOCHENGKONGZHI、JINGYIZHIZAODENGFANGMIAN,SHIYONGRFIDJISHUKEYISHIXIANSHENGCHANGUOCHENGDESHISHISHUJUCAIJIKESHIHUA、ZHUNSHIHUAYIJIYEWUXIETONGHECHANPINXINXIKEZHUISU。JIEZHURFIDGONGGONGFUWU,JIANGRFIDXITONGYUZIDONGHUAXITONG、QIYEXINXIXITONGWUFENGJICHENG,GOUJIANMIANXIANGGONGYINGLIANDERFIDJIAGOUTIXI,CONGERSHIXIANGONGYINGLIANSHANGDECHANPINXINXIGONGXIANG。

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